Roofing 101

Getting Started

Roofers Supply is committed to educating our community with helpful information to assist you in making more informed decisions. Re-roofing your house can be a huge project and can leave you feeling overwhelmed. To help get you started, we have created an outline that will guide you through educating yourself by creating a budget, doing your homework, and selecting a contractor.

Step 1: Educate Yourself

We are here to help! Call us or come in today and speak to one of our sales professionals who will assist you with your questions. We have a team of experts who will provide you with the most current and up-to-date product information in the industry. There are many products to choose from, take your time to explore your options in order to find the best fit for your roofing project.

Remember: Once you have a better idea about the products and services, you will be better prepared to get a job quote and begin working with a contractor.

Step 2: Create a Budget

How much are you willing to invest in your home or commercial facility? You may be surprised that the cost associated with a roof installation will also include three factors that can dramatically affect the outcome of your overall price.

  • Cost of materials – Roofing material will vary in price based on your personal taste and selection. So come in and see the various options and let us help you find the perfect product for your roofing project.
  • Removal and disposal – If you are replacing, or repairing an existing roof, make sure to ask your contractor if the cost of removal & disposal are included in your bid.
  • Labor and installation - Depending on roof pitch, building access, and the intricate detail of application and safety code requirements, the cost of labor and installation may vary greatly from project to project.

Remember: Roofing projects that are being paid for by an insurance claim may have limitations. Make sure you confirm with your insurance company what is covered. For example: is your insurance company paying to repair or replace your entire roof? What materials are covered? Is prior approval required?

Step 3: Do your Homework

Before you visit one of our store locations, conduct an inspection of your roof. (Not sure how to inspect? Check out our FAQ page!) Make a list of items that you believe need attention. And remember, roof damage is not exclusive to your shingles. Some other considerations are: soffit and fascia, rain gutters, siding, stucco, and trim damage. Identifying these items in advance will help you budget correctly, and will help us locate a qualified contractor to assist you in making the necessary repairs.

Remember: The more detailed your assessment, the more accurate your estimate will be.

Step 4: Getting a Quote & Selecting a Contractor

We take great pride in the contractors that we work and associate with on a daily basis. As the experts in our field, we only refer contractors who meet our highest standards, values and qualifications. We verify that each contractor is licensed, insured, and certified to install the products we sell. We believe that our contractors should meet the same criteria that we live by - honesty, integrity, trust, and mutual respect.

Visit any one of our store locations and we will provide you with a list of preferred contractors who are well-versed in Utah roofing. These professionals are available to come to your home or office and create a detailed analysis of the materials and labor that are required for your job.

If you choose to select your own contractor, the DOPL website is a resource that provides information about your contractor. You can verify licensure and be advised of any formal complaints.

Remember: Keep in mind, the lowest quote may not always the best. We recommend that you get a detailed list of work that will be performed, a copy of their contractor’s license, proof of insurance and referrals to protect you against unforeseen issues that may arise.

Stop by one of our six Utah locations and let us partner with you to make your roofing project a success!

Roofing Definitions

All definitions have been taken from CertainTeed’s Shingle Applicator’s Manuel (11th Edition)

  • Asphalt – A bituminous waterproofing agent applied to roofing materials during manufacturing.
  • Asphalt Roofing Cement – An asphalt-based cement, containing solvent, used to bond roofing materials. Also known as asphalt plastic cement, flashing cement, muck, bull and mastic.
  • Base Flashing – The portion of the flashing attached to or resting on the deck to direct the flow of water onto the roof covering. Also known as Step Flashing.
  • Bundle – A package of shingles. There are typically three, four, or five bundles per square.
  • Caulk – To fill a joint with mastic or asphalt roofing cement, or the material used to fill the joint.
  • Counter Flashing – The portion of the flashing attached to a vertical surface to prevent water from migrating behind the base flashing. Also known as Cap Flashing.
  • Cricket – A peaked saddle construction at the back of a chimney to prevent accumulation of snow and ice and to deflect water around the chimney.
  • Deck – The surface installed over the supporting framing members to which the roofing is applied.
  • Dormer – A framed window unit projecting through the sloping plane of a roof.
  • Drip Edge – A corrosion-resistant, non-staining material used along the eaves and rakes to allow water run-off to drip clear of underlying construction.
  • Eaves – The horizontal lower edge of a sloped roof.
  • Eaves Flashing – Additional layer of roofing material applied at the eaves to help prevent damage from water back-up.
  • Felt – Organic fiber mat saturated with asphalt and used as an underlayment.
  • Fiber Glass Shingles – Asphalt shingles made with a fiber glass mat.
  • Flashing – Pieces of metal or roll roofing used to prevent seepage of water into a building around any intersections or projection in a roof, such as vent pipes, adjoining walls, dormers and valleys.
  • Gable – The upper portion of a sidewall that comes to a triangular point at the ridge of a sloping roof.
  • Gable Roof – A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each side of the ridge. Contains a gable at each end.
  • Granules – Ceramic-coated, colored crushed rock that is applied to the exposed surface of asphalt roofing products.
  • Hip Roof – A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each of four sides. Contains no gables.
  • Ice Dam – Condition formed by the thawing and refreezing of melted snow, especially at the lower roof edge on the roof overhang and in gutters. Can cause water to pond and flow up and under shingles, causing leaks.
  • Laminated Shingles – Strip shingles containing more than one layer of tabs to create extra thickness. Also called three-dimensional shingles or architectural shingles.
  • Mansard Roof – A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each of four sides. The lower plane has a much steeper pitch that the upper, often approaching vertical. Contains no gables.
  • Rake – The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall.
  • Ridge – The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
  • Soffit – The finished underside of eaves.
  • Square – A unit of measurement equaling 100 square feet of roof area.
  • Starter Strip – Asphalt roofing applied at the eaves that provides protection by filling in the spaces under the cutouts and joints of the first course of shingles. It also provides for sealing down of tabs of the first course of self-sealing shingles.
  • Step Flashing – Base flashing application method used where a vertical surface meets a sloping roof plane. Utilizes multiple pieces of flashing material.
  • Underlayment – Asphalt-saturated felt used beneath roofing to provide additional protection for the deck.
  • Valley – The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
  • Waterproofing Shingle Underlayment (Ice & Water) – A special self-adhering waterproofing shingle underlayment designed to protect against water infiltration due to ice dams or wind-driven rain.